Night time can provide a magnificent opportunity to get imaginative pictures and learn to handle fantastic light conditions. Shooting pictures in the night can be very challenging because of the limitations the dark light creates. Here we present you a few techniques to help you to take good, vibrant and stunning shots in the night:
1. Flash: The most important thing a newbie should do is to try to shoot in the night with the flash. The skill lies in understanding the reach and result of the flash alone and in which way to get the best results. Flash is typically used to supply light for people or to rebound the light off and deal with the dark areas and shadows. By utilizing flash for night shots with no or with minimum ambient light is an total waste. Have an external flash unit with you. External flash is preferred over the built-in flash of the DSLRs and compacts since they offer greater and smoother light.
2. Lens: The clean levels of light in the nighttime need devices and methods that help you collect more light. Try a lens with a wider aperture. In most cases prime lenses fit this purpose. Lenses with built-in vibration-lowering or image-stabilization are highly recommended.
3. Shutter speed: Mainly because of the lack of light, you must open the shutter for a longer period. Because you have to keep the shutter speed slower, you also have to make sure that the camera and the area or subject doesn’t move, or the result can be an awfully blurry.
4. Tripod: A good tripod can help lots shooting in the night, also indoors and other low-light situations or even in scenes requiring very slow shutter speeds or possibly a timer-triggered shots. If you can't afford buying a tripod, you can try by supporting your camera against a steady surface. You can also try out the timer or remote trigger to avoid shaking the camera when releasing the shutter.
5. Large aperture: Even if you have the aperture open wide, there is not much light to collect. Try positioning it at the widest (low f-stop/f-number) and see if it helps.
6. Automatic ISO: Configure your camera to automatic ISO setting. If you set the ISO yourself, the camera will be restricted to correct the exposure by using shutter-speed and aperture only making unpredictable artifacts in low-light situations like blur, movements and so on. Auto ISO will improve the sensor’s susceptibility to light preventing the need to reduce shutter-speed past what is really needed.
7. Flash mode: Your camera may possibly provide you several flash-firing settings for efficiently taking moving objects at night. A slower flash will provide light for your subject longer, a rear shooting flash will make the flash fire just prior to the shutter is about to complete the shot and then close. This allows the camera to receive the ambient light fully and then ultimately fire the flash again to light up the subject and close the shutter, removing the blur and noise.